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General information
State Capital Jaipur
State Capital Jaipur Population ('000s in 1991) 44,006
Area ('000 sq. km) 342
Females per 1000 males (1991) 910
Literacy rate (1991) 38.6
Ratio of urban population (1991) 22.9
Net Domestic Product (Rs. million at current prices in 1992-93) Product (Rs. million at current prices in 1992-93) 229,360
Per Capita Income (Rs. at current prices in 1992-93) 5,035
Principal Languages Hindi and Rajasthani

Rajasthan is a land of Maharaja's, splendid palaces and magnificent forts. Rajasthan is famous for its romantic ruins and its enchanting art and craft.

Rajasthan is a treasure house of tourist places. Jaipur Jodhpur, Udaipur, Bikaner, Mount Abu, Sariska tiger sanctuary, Ajmer, Jaisalmer, Chittaurgarh and Bharatpur are main attractions.

The capital city, Jaipur, also known as pink city houses three hill forts and a plethora of palaces.

Rajasthan comprises of the Aravalli Range of hills running south west to north east. The harsh and arid southern part is the Thar desert, which houses Bikaner, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur, all forming a picturesque view of the deserts. Mehrangarh is Rajasthan's greatest hill top fort, which lies in Jodhpur. From here the onlooker can view the spectacular palace of Umaid Bhawan built of Golden sandstone in the early part of 20th century. The Fort of Jaisalmer, with its four gateway, is the heart of the city. Pathways paved with cobbles and hairpin bends together formed a defensive ground against enemies. This golden stoned fort is one of the chief attraction of these desert. The elaborately sculptured Jain Temples, the fine work on stones on facades of private houses are an amazing view. Bikaner also holds its medieval charm with it's spectacular display of sand stone palaces, temples and cenotaphs.

The frescoes in the deserted mansions of local merchants depict a range of subjects and a variety of style. These are located in the northern parts of Rajasthan. Even the rough-hewn forts of Dundlod and Mandawa, is a major tourist attraction, especially now due to its conversion into hotels. These hotels have a unique touch of the ancient times.

The Dara wildlife sanctuary in the south west of Rajasthan houses a range of animals, from tigers, bears, spotted deer, and wild boars. These lush green jungles are a major attraction for animal lovers. Bundi, Kota and Jhalawar are known for the abundance of exquisite palaces, galleries with exotic wall paintings and the astounding temples.

Amongst the most popular Pilgrimage places is 'Pushkar' located 14 kms from Ajmer. Thousands of pilgrims from all over India,come to bathe in the sacred lake, on the 'Purnima' day in November. The largest cattle fairs are also held during this occassion. Ajmer is the most sacred sites of Muslim Pilgrimage.

Udaipur has been the former royal house of Mewar. Lavished with palaces, lakes, cenotaphs and temples, it provides many interesting places to see, like the City Palace, Pichola Lake, Jag Niwas, Jagdish Temple, Eklingji Temple, Nathdwara, Rajsamand and Jaisamand. Chittor, Kumbalgarh and Mandalgarh.

Mount Abu, located 1200 meters above sea level on an isolated plateau is one of the chief attractions of Rajasthan. In summer as well as winter it is flooded with tourists. The Jain temples display intricate designs. Especially Adinath and Neminath of the Dilwara Jain temples display exquisite carvings in white marble.


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