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JODHPUR

Standing at the edge of the Thar Desert lies the 2nd largest city after Jaipur. This city houses a number of palaces, temples and other architectural monuments which add to its glory. This city founded by Suryavanshi Rao Jodha in 1459 A.D. was once the capital of former princely state of Marwar. The old city of Jodhpur is surrounded by a 10 kms long wall. From the fort you can see the wall here separating the old city from the new city. The new city has rapidly grown round this Mehrangarh Fort.

With the Mehrangarh fort on the west and stately sandstone palace of Umaid Bhawan on the east, this city is prevented from the deserts with eight gates facing different directions. The glorious and elegant monuments, temples and gardens of the city are a reminder of the past and depict a multi-faceted grandeur.

Places to visit


Mehrangarh Fort
The Mehrangarh fort is set on a 125 m high hill which can be accessed by a winding road uphill. The majestic fort is one of greet hilltop forts. Mehrangarh means 'Majestic Fort'. This fort which can be seen from the surrounding part of the city was originally built in 1806. The medieval charm is displayed in the exquisitely carved panels and porches and the decorated walls and windows of Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana. Mehrangarh has its own architectural appeal, such as brilliant stained glass, that creates vibrant mosaics on the floors, with the passage of the sun through the day. The palace in this fort has its own peculiar style. The only means to access royal residences were the narrow staircases built within. The fort still houses a collection of musical instruments palanquins, furniture and cannons.

The well situated Mehrangarh almost appears impressible. The battlements are set four hundred feet above the hill. The fort also has three gates, each built to commemorate a victory as well as to reinforce the fort.

Umaid Bhavan Palace
This palace built of Chhittar sandstone or pink sandstone is also called the Chhittar palace. Built in the 20th century the palace has quite a few western touch as it was designed by the British Royal Institute of Architects. The palace took 16 years too be built and was a project to give employment to people during the severe famine. The dome of the palace is only one of its kind in Rajasthan. The palace houses 300 rooms, has its own theatre, 8 dinning rooms and a banquet hall which can hold 300 seated people. Ballroom has also been built to cater to the westernized royal lifestyle. The palace also contains an indoor swimming pool with a mosaic of zodiac symbols. The royal family still resides in a part of this palace and the rest has been converted into a hotel and a museum.

Jaswant Thada
Near the fort complex lies this white marble cenotaph, built in 1899, in commemoration of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Rare portraits of Jodhpur's rulers are, also displayed here.





Clock Tower and Sardar Market
The main attraction of the city, is the Clock Tower and the colourful Sardar Market near it. Narrow lanes lead to quaint bazaars selling textiles, antiques, silverware and handicrafts.

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