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JAIPUR

The Capital of Rajasthan, also known as the 'Pink City' is established, in the tourist record of books as the third corner of India's golden triangle. 300 kms southwest of Delhi, this old city of Jaipur is encircled with 7 gates, amongst which the major are chandpol, Sanganeri and Ajmeri. The old walled quarter of the Rajasthani capital is specifically labeled 'pink city' due to the local quartile stone covered with terracotta with which all the structures are built. The north east of town houses some glorious palaces and temples, depicting styles spanning centuries scattered throughout the area, especially the urban area.

History

One of the loveliest cities in the world, Jaipur owes much of its grandeur to the careful planning of great warrior-astronomer Maharaja Jai Singh II and brilliant architect Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya. This city was made to order by Jai Singh in 1727 when Mughal Power was on the wane. The architect Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya used the principles of town planning laid in the Shilpa Shastra (an ancient Hindu treatise on architecture), while designing the city. The same principles were employed when he built the city Palace as well as the largest stone observatory in the world.

Places to visit


Jaipur is a spectacular place attracting a large number of tourists. The magical glow of the pink and orange building during sunset and the gorgeously attired Rajasthanis add beauty to this colourful city. In Jaipur you can come across many camel drawn carts.

The Hawa Mahal and City Palace are the most fascinating palaces.

Just adjacent to the City Palace is the world's larges observatory Jantar Mantar begun by Jai Singh in 1728. Jai Singh was more known for his astronomy than his prowess as a warrior. Among the 5 observatories built in Delhi, Varanasi, Ujjain, Mathura (where it has now disappeared) and Jaipur, this is the largest and best preserved.

Central Museum is situated in the Ram Nivas gardens in the south of old city. This museum displays portraits of the Jaipur Maharajas, a collection of costumes, and woodwork from various parts of the state, and other miniatures and artworks. The gardens also house a zoo and an art gallery.

Around Jaipur

11 kms out of Jaipur is the awe-inspiring piece of Rajput architecture, the Amber Fort. Amber was an ancient capital of Rajasthan.

On the road to Amber at a distance of 6.5 kms from Jaipur are the cenotaphs of the royal family, at Gaitore. A causeway leads to Jal Mahal Palace situated in the middle of a lake, opposite the cenotaphs. At night the Nargarh fort situated 6.5 kms away is floodlit. Built in 1726 is Jalgarh Fort which is walking distance of Amber.

The spectacular Samode palace is located in a small village of samode, located 50 kms north of Jaipur. Other places of interest to the tourist are, the temple of Sun God at Galta, Sisodia Rani palace and gardens, Vidyadhar's garden, Balaji and Sanganer.

When to Visit

The best time to visit Jaipur is between October and March.

How to get there

Air: Jaipur is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Aurangabad, Calcutta and Varanasi by domestic flights.

Bus: Jaipur can be accessed from all the major places in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Delhi and Mumbai by bus.

Train: The train service to Jaipur is available from all the major parts of the country. The train services to Jaipur are slower, because of the metre gauge line.

Where to Stay

Rambagh Palace (Tel: 141-381919, Fax: 381098), formerly the palace of the Maharaja of Jaipur, is one of India's most prestigious and romantic hotels. Jai Mahal Palace (Tel: 371616, Fax: 365237) also used to belong to the Maharaja of Jaipur. Rajmahal Palace (Tel: 381676, Fax: 381887), Hotel Clarks Amer (Tel: 550616, Fax: 550013), Mansingh Hotel (Tel: 378771, Fax: 377582) and Hotel Jaipur Ashok (Tel: 322999) are other good options in the city.

Contact

Tourist reception Centre, Tourist Hotel, M.I. Road, Jaipur. Tel: 141-370180 (Extn. 215/203) Tourist Information Counter, Platform No. 1, Railway Station, Jaipur. Tel: 315714.



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