150 km from Jaipur and 170 km from Delhi, Alwar is nestled
between a cluster of small hills of the Aravalli range.Perched
on the most prominent of these hills is a massive ancient
fort that whispers tales of the rich history of the city.
Once an ancient Rajput state, formerly known as Mewar, Alwar
was nearest to imperial Delhi.The people of the state did
not accept any external interferences and daringly resisted
foreign invasions. In the 12th and 13th centuries, they formed
a group and raided Delhi. But finally Sultan Balban ( 1267
A.D. – 1287 A.D.) suppressed them, bringing the area under
In 1771 A.D., Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kuchhwaha Rajput belonging
to the clan of Jaipur’s rulers, won back Alwar and founded
a principality of his own.
Apart from its history, the city has a rich natural heritage
with some beautiful lakes and picturesque valleys thickly
wooded in parts.
Some of the finest variety of birds and animals are spotted
here.Alwar has one of the finest wildlife sanctuaries in Rajasthan
– Sariska, which is an excellent tiger country.
Places to See Around Alwar
This huge fort with its ramparts stretching 5 km from north
to south and 1.6 km from east to west stands 304 metres above
the city and 595 metres above sea level, constructed before
the rise of the Mughal Empire.Babar had spent a night at this
fort and took away the hidden treasures to gift to his son,
Humayun.Akbar’s son, Jahangir had also stayed here for some
time during his exile.The place where he stayed is called
Salim Mahal. The fort was finally annexed by Maharaja Pratap
Singh in 1775 A.D.
It is an imposing structure with 15 large and 51 small towers
and 446 openings for musketry, along with 8 huge towers encompassing
The fort has several gates – Jai Pol, Suraj Pol, Laxman Pol,
Chand Pol, Kishan Pol and Andheri Gate.Also there are remains
of Jal Mahal, Nikumbh Mahal, Salim Sagar, Suraj Kund and many
City Palace or Vinay Vilas Mahal
It is an 18th century palace harmoniously blending the Rajput
and Mughal styles of architecture.While the ground floors
have been converted into government offices and district courts,
the upper apartment is presently a museum. Behind the City
Palace is an artificial lake built in 1815 A.D. by Maharaja
Vinay Singh with few temples along its banks.
The museum has the finest collection of Mughal and Rajput
paintings dating back to the 18th and 19th centuries and some
rare ancient manuscripts in Persian, Arabic, Urdu and Sanskrit.
‘Gulistan’ ( the garden of roses), ‘Waqiat-i-Babri’ (autobiography
of the Mughal Emperor Babar) and ‘Bostan’ (the garden of spring)
are some of the notable ones amongst the collection. It also
has a copy of the great epic ‘Mahabharata’ painted by the
artists of the Alwar school.
A rich collection of the Indian armoury are among other exhibits
of the museum. Timings 10.00 hrs. to 17.00 hrs. (Closed on
Fridays and gazetted holidays.Free entry on Monday.)
A marvellous chhatri with unusual Bengali roof and arches,
also known as the Moosi Maharani ki Chhatri, is situated in
Purjan Vihar (Company Garden)
A picturesque garden, laid out during the reign of Maharaja
Shiv Dan Singh in 1868 A.D.The garden has an enchanting setting
called ‘Shimla’ which was built by Maharaja Mangal Singh in
1885 A.D.The lush surroundings and the cool shades make it
an idyllic picnic spot during summers.
Vijai Mandir Palace (10 km)
A splendid palace, built by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1918 A.D.
A picturesque lake overlooking the palace makes it a fascinating
A fabulous Sita Ram Temple in the palace attracts number of
devotees, especially during Ramanavami.One needs prior permission
from the Secretary to visit the palace.
Siliserh Lake and Palace Hotel (13 km)
An idyllic picnic spot with an enchanting landscape of wooded
hills and beautiful chhatris on the embankment of the 10.5
sq.km placid lake.A magnificent royal palace and the hunting
lodge, built by Maharaja Vinay Singh in 1845 A.D. for his
queen Shila stands overlooking the lake.Now converted as the
Hotel Lake Palace, it offers boating and sailing facilities
and is a delight for the trigger-happy photographers and film
Jai Samand Lake (6 km)
A beautiful artificial lake constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh
in 1910 A.D. is a popular spot for outings and picnics.During
monsoons, sprawling greenery all around makes it a visual
treat.Easily accessible by road from Alwar.
Sariska (37 km)
The 765.80 sq. km. Thickly wooded reserve cradled in the picturesque
valley of the Aravalis.Established in 1955, it is an excellent
tiger sanctuary under the Project Tiger.The dry deciduous
forests of the Reserve are noted for their population of tiger,
nilgai, sambhar, cheetal, four horned antelope and wild boar.
A marvelous palace was built here by Maharaja Jai Singh in
honour of the Duke of Edinburgh during his visit to the sanctuary.Presently,
it has been converted into a hotel – Sariska Palace. RTDC
Hotel Tiger Den also offers excellent accommodation at Sariska.The
best time to drive in the sanctuary is from sunrise till sunset.
Still camera 8 mm.
camera 16 mm
Vehicle Entry Fee
Bus Rs. 100/-; Mini Bus Rs. 0/-; Diesel Jeep Rs. 00/-; Petrol
Jeep or Car Rs. 75/-. Jeeps are available on hire at the RTDC
Hotel Tiger Den.
Charges Rs. 400/- per Jeep (upto 5 persons), extra
person – Rs. 50/- per head.
Night halt in the sanctuary is allowed only after obtaining
prior permission from the Field Director, Sariska Tiger Reserve
(In special cases only)