Fort is one of the most magnificent fortress complexes in
India. It is located on the outskirts of the city of Hyderabad,
the capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The history of
Golconda Fort dates back to the early 13th century, when this
south eastern part of the country was ruled by the Kakatiyas.
The bulk of the ruins of this fort, date from the time of
the Qutab Shahi kings, who had ruled this area in the 16th
and 17th century. Golconda city remained the capital of the
Qutab Shahis from 1512 to 1590, from where they later shifted
it to Hyderabad.
Golconda Fort is itself built on a granite hill 120 metres
high, and is surrounded by walls of solid stone. The fortress
had held out for eight long months, when in 1687, the fort
was besieged by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. It finally fell
to the Mughals, after it was treacherously betrayed. The outer
wall surrounding the entire township of Golconda, is about
11 kilometres long, and is strongly fortified. In its heyday,
the 10 kilometre long road from Golconda to outer Hyderabad,
was a fabulous market selling jewellery, diamonds, pearls
and other gems, which were famous all over the world.
One of the most remarkable features of Golconda, is its system
of acoustics. The sounds of hands clapped in the grand portico
can be heard in the Durbar Hall, at the very top of the hill.
The tombs of the Qutab Shahi kings, lie about one kilometre
north of the outer wall of Golconda. These graceful structures
are surrounded by landscaped gardens, with beautifully carved
Best time to visit
The best time to visit Golconda Fort is between September
How to get there
Hyderabad can be reached by air, from all the major cities
of the country. Indian Airlines and many other private airlines
operate flights to Hyderabad. It is also easily accesible
by train, from any part of the country. There is a regular
bus service to Hyderabad from many cities in southern, central
and south-eastern parts of the country.