Patna is a pleasant city situated along the southern bank of the Ganges. Golghar: It is a beehive-shaped building. It has steps winding around the outside to the top. It provides a fine view over the town and the Ganges. Patna Museum: This excellent museum has metal and stone sculptures,terraco- tta figures and archaeological finds from sites in Bihar such as Nalanda. Kumrahar Excavations: The main points of interest are the assembly hall,and the foundations of the brick Buddhist monastery known as Anand Bihar. Har Mandir: At the eastern end of the city,in the Chowk area of old Patna, stands one of the holiest Sikh shrines. Qila House (Jalan Museum): It contains an impressive private collection of antiques including a Marie Antoinette's Sevres porcelain,a dinner service. Khuda Baksh Oriental Library: This library has a renowned collection of rare Arabic and Persian manuscripts,Moghul and Rajput paintings. Other attractions:The heavy,domed Sher Shahi is the oldest mosque.



PATNA TO NEPAL Sonepur : A month-long cattle fairs is held in October-November at Sonepur, 25 km north of Patna. This is probably the largest animal fair in Asia and not only cattle but all types of animals are traded here. Vaishali : It is the birth place of Mahavira, one of the Jain Tirthankaras. There is an Ashoka pillar (with its lion capital intact), a couple of stupas (one contains an 8 of the Buddha's ashes) and a small museum. There is a Tourist Bungalow at Vaishali.



PATNA TO GAYA : Nalanda : Founded in the 5th century BC, Nalanda was one of the world's great Universities and important Buddhist centre. The brick-built remains are extensive and include the great stupa, with steps, terraces and a few intact votive stupas around it, and the monks' cells. There is an interesting archaeological museum housing the Nalanda University seal, sculptures and other remains found on the site. The newest building here is the Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall, built as a peace Pagoda by the Chinese. There is also an international centre for the study of Buddhism.



RAJGIR It is a thriving Indian holiday centre. In winter, visitors are drown by the hot springs and the healthy climate of this hilly region, 19 km south of Nalanda. Rajgir is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site. It is also an important place for Jains. The hills are topped with Digambara shrines. The pink building by the crowded hot springs is the Lakshmi Narayan Temple. There is also a Burmese temple, an interesting Jain exihibition, a modern Japenese temple and on the top of Ratnagiri hill, three km south of the hot springs, the Japanese Shanti Stupa.



GETTING THERE AND AWAY AIR Indian Airlines has daily flights between Patna and Delhi, Calcutta and Ranchi. A few flights connect Patna with Lucknow and Bombay. BUS The main bus station is at Harding Park, just west of Patna Junction Railway station.Buses for Siliguri, Gaya, Ranchi and Sasaram go from Gate 7. Buses fpr Raxaul on the Nepalese border go from Gate 6, via Muzaffarpupt. The Gandhi Maidan bus station is used by gobernment buses to many places in Bihar.There are night buses to Ranchi and Deluxe bus to Siliguri. TRAIN Patna Junction is the main railway station. The fastest trains of the Calcutta-Delhi line take 15 hours to Delhi and 9 hours to Calcutta. The Amritsar Mail leaves early in the morning for Varanasi. There are direct trains to Ranchi, Bombay and Madras.



GETTING THERE AND AWAY Shared Trekkers cost Rs.2 from Rajgir to Nalanda village, and from there it is Rs 1 for the 10 minute ride on a shared tonga to the university side. Take another jeep from Nalanda village to Bihar Sharif for buses to Patna.

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