a woman ages, her chances of conceiving automatically decreases.
Most fertility experts agree that fertility actually decreases
with age. The age of the male partner is irrelevant. Female
age is very vital in considering the probability for conception.
The real issue is egg quality - which translates over to embryo
quality after fertilization. There is a slow decline in pregnancy
rates in the early 30's. This decline is more substantial
in the late 30's and early 40's. Few women over 45 are still
Now a days women because of their career and other problems
delay their pregnancy thereby creating lot of risks. Many
women are not aware of the decline in fertility they grow
older. While many dismiss stories of the complications of
late motherhood - such as lowered fertility and health risks
to mother and child - as propaganda, doctors insist women
who delay it or opt not to get pregnant face real problems.
According to Dr Snehalata Khanwilkar, 51, a gynaecologist,
some conditions like uterine fibroids, cervical cancer, breast
cancer and ovarian cancer appear more in women who have never
risks involved in delayed pregnancy:
Middle age or delayed pregnancy involves the risk of miscarriage
to a high extent. Miscarriage rate is believed to increase
with age. Between age 20 and 30, it is 10 per cent, at age
35 it is 15 per cent, above age 40 it is 30 per cent.
Studies have also revealed that delayed pregnancy can also
cause ectopic pregnancy (when a fertilized egg implants outside
the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes) and still-births.
Women who go in for late pregnancy are also at high risk of
developing high blood pressure and diabetes during pregnancy.
Also with age, the neck of the womb may stiffen, making dilation
harder, and the uterus may not have sufficient strength to
power contractions, so delivery could be difficult.
Delayed pregnancy may also cause complications during pregnancy
and labour and also cause health risks in the child. The older
the woman, the higher the risk of chromosomal abnormalities
in the child, leading to, for example, Down's Syndrome. Babies
may also be premature or born early, with low birth weight.
Health Risks involved in non-pregnancy
Doctors are of the opinion that several complications and
problems may be linked to non-pregnancy because of non-user
of the parts of woman's reproductive organs.
Uterine fibroids: When the uterus is not "worked", it
has a higher chance of developing uterine fibroids, or bumps
and growths. This could cause heavy, painful menstruation,
and could put pressure on the organs.
Cervical cancer: A sexually active woman who has had more
than one partner is believed to be at a higher risk of developing
cancer of the cervix (the neck of the uterus which leads to
the vagina). This is because sex exposes you to various types
of the human papilloma virus (HPV). A celibate woman is not
Cancer of the womb: While this is not the most common
cancer that strikes women here, a woman without babies is
at a higher risk of developing cancer of the womb. About 30
per cent of patients with cancer of the womb have never had
Breast cancer: The incidence of breast cancer has been
found to be lower among women who breast-feed for six months
or more. Mothers who do not breast-feed are not at lower risk.
Ovarian cancer: The incidence of cancer of the ovaries,
where a woman's eggs are stored, is also believed to be higher
among women who delay or reject pregnancy because the release
of the egg is traumatic. Pregnancy offers a period of protection,
when ovulation stops. Because the ovaries are one of the most
protected parts of the female body, ovarian cancer cannot
be detected until very late. That is why it is known as the