Sexually Transmitted Infections
Sex Is a Normal, Natural Part of Life. But for that we should
not expose ourselves to risk, which might take our life. When
we decide to have sex, we want it to be satisfying-whether
we're man or woman, married or single, young or old. Most
of us have taken risks to have sex-risks that include sexually
transmitted infections (STIs). Thus have safe sex and enjoy
life. Safer sex is anything we do to lower our risk of sexually
transmitted infection. The basic rule for safer sex is to
prevent contact with genital sores and prevent the exchange
of body fluids, such as semen, blood, and vaginal secretions.
Remember protecting yourself against sexually transmitted
infections can reduce anxiety and makes sex lot more enjoyable.
sex; sex partners should remember the following points:
a condom every time you have sexual intercourse.
honest with one another.
one another against physical and emotional harm, unintended
pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infection.
access to safe and effective means to prevent sexually transmitted
attentive to one another's pleasure.
a checkup for sexually transmitted infections every year.
your immune system. Eat well, get enough rest, and limit
your use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
sex if you have any type of sexually transmitted infection.
you have any kind of doubt then be frank and consult your
most important way to reduce your and your partner's risk
of getting STI's is to keep body fluids out of both of your
bodies. It is very important that while making love keep
your partner's body fluids out of your vagina, anus, and mouth.
Do not touch sores that are caused by STIs. Also make sure
that your body fluids do not get into your partner's body.
Thus it is mutual responsibility.
Women are at a higher
risk of being infected with STI's than men. A woman's chance
of being infected by a man with HIV is twice as great as a
man's chance of being infected by a woman with HIV.
If you think you or your partner
has a sexually transmitted infection, then see a doctor for
testing, diagnosis, and treatment. And do not have sex till
you are cured.
Thus if you or your partner has
any of the following symptoms in the genital area, see a doctor
or smelly discharges from the vagina, penis, rectum.
sensations, irritations, and pain while having sex.
rashes, swellings, sores and boils.
HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system resulting in Acquired
Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or AIDS.
Chlamydia is a treatable bacterial infection that can scar the
fallopian tubes making a woman infertile.
Pubic lice are parasites or bugs that live on the pubic hair
in the genital area.
It is a treatable bacterial infection of the penis, vagina or
anus that causes pain, or burning feeling as well as a pus-like
It is a disease that affects the liver. There are more than
four types. A and B are the most common.
PID is an infection of the female reproductive organs caused
by chlamydia, gonorrhea or other bacteria.
Vaginitis is an infection of the vagina resulting in itching,
burning, smelly vaginal discharge and an odd colour.
Scabies is a treatable skin disease that is caused by a parasite.
A person infected with AIDS has no chance of survival because
we haven't found a breakthrough so far. Over time, infection
with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can weaken the immune
system to the point that the system has difficulty fighting
off any kind of infections, which is life threatening. HIV
infects a person during unprotected vaginal sex, intravenously,
blood transfusion and neonatally. Early symptoms are almost
Chlamydia is a curable infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia
trachomatis. The bacteria targets the cells of the mucous
membrane lining of the eyelid, the surfaces of the urethra,
endocervix, endometrium and fallopian tubes. Chlamydia is
passed primarily during anal or vaginal sex. Chlamydia can
be passed even if the penis or tongue does not go all the
way into the vagina, mouth or rectum, and even if body fluids
are not exchanged. Eye infections in adults may result when
discharge caries the disease into the eye during sex or hand-to-eye
contact. For women symptoms include abdominal pain, vaginal
discharge and men have symptoms that are discharge from the
penis and burning sensation while urinating.
Pubic lice are parasites, which you get when you have skin-to-skin
contact with another person. Even when there is no sexual
penetration, you can get (or give) pubic lice by using infested
towels and from wearing infested clothes. The most common
symptom of pubic lice is itching in your pubic area.
Gonorrhea is a treatable bacterial infection of the penis,
vagina or anus that causes pain, or burning feeling as well
as a pus-like discharge. The bacteria infects the uterine
cervical canal and tubes, the urethras of men and women, the
eyes leading to conjunctivitis and the mouth and the pharynx.
Gonorrhea is transmitted by oral, vaginal, or anal sex. It
can be passed even if the penis or tongue does not go all
the way into the vagina, mouth or rectum, and even if body
fluids are not exchanged. Symptoms like pain or burning sensation
during urination is common in both men and woman. Women also
have symptoms like pain in the abdomen, abnormal bleeding,
painful intercourse and vaginal discharge. In both men and
women, infection without development of symptoms is common
and early symptoms are often mild. Gonorrhea if remained untreated
causes serious problems like infertility, chronic menstrual
problems, tubal pregnancy, and spontaneous abortion.
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can be caused
by a group of viruses. There are more than four types of viral
hepatitis, while A and B are the most common. Although many
cases of hepatitis are not a serious threat to health, the
disease can sometimes become chronic (long-lasting) and may
lead to liver failure and death.
Hepatitis A (HAV) is transmitted primarily through oral contact
with feces (oral-fecal contact). This includes contaminated
food or water sources and sexual contact, especially oral-anal
sex. Symptoms of this disease are fever, loss of appetite,
jaundice, nausea, dark coloured urine and abdominal pain.
Hepatitis B (HBV) is a serious viral infection of the liver.
HBV can cause chronic infection, cirrhosis (scarring) of the
liver, liver cancer, liver failure and death. Hepatitis B
is transmitted primarily through blood, semen, saliva and
vaginal secretions. Thus having unprotected sex is one of
the causes of Hepatitis B transmission. HBV may also be transmitted
intravenously (sharing injecting drug needles or paraphernalia
with an infected person) and neonatally (mother-to-child if
the mother is infected with HBV). HBV is not spread through
food or water or by casual contact. Symptoms of this disease
are loss of appetite, jaundice, nausea, dark coloured urine
and abdominal pain.
Hepatitis A and B are preventable through vaccination, though
no vaccination currently exists for hepatitis C or E. Since
hepatitis D only infects persons with active hepatitis B,
the vaccine for hepatitis B prevents hepatitis D. For more
information regarding treatment for Hepatitis infection consult
INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID)
PID is a serious infection in the upper genital tract/reproductive
organs (uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries) of a female.
PID can be sexually transmitted or naturally occurring. Chlamydia
and gonorrhea, are the most common causes of PID. Symptoms
include abdominal pain, nausea, burning sensation while urinating,
painful intercourse, fever, increased or changed vaginal discharge
and tenderness in the lower abdomen. It can lead to infertility
in women (unable to have children), tubal pregnancy, chronic
pelvic pain or life-threatening complications.
Vaginitis is very common in women. Vaginitis is caused by
infection in the vagina, which is caused by several different
germs. Vagina has a balance of "good" as well as "bad" bacteria.
While "good" bacteria keeps the vagina healthy and clean,
"bad" bacteria causes infection resulting into smelly and
funny coloured discharge. These "bad" bacteria and other germs
that cause vaginitis can be spread through sex. Sometimes
these "Bad" bacteria and other germs that cause vaginitis
can be spread through sex. Vaginitis can also be caused by
pregnancy, taking strong doses of antibiotics, poor diet,
tight pants, damp underwear and using vaginal products like
lubricants, birth control devices etc. Symptoms include itching,
burning sensation and swelling.
Scabies is a skin disease caused by a parasite. The female
parasite burrows under the skin and begins laying eggs within
2-3 hours of infection and generally lays 2-3 eggs daily.
The eggs hatch and become adult mites within 10 days. Scabies
is transmitted through close physical contact or by wearing
infested clothing and sleeping in infested bed.