women experience excessive pain during their periods
while some do not. The pain is usually greater at
the beginning of the period, and in rare cases can
be accompanied by nausea and diarrhea. Menstrual pain
can vary from a dull pain in the back or abdomen to
severe cramping and lower abdominal pain.
Menstrual pain is a result of uterine cramping which
is caused due to Prostaglandin production. This is
not associated with a gynecological disease and is
not a problem. However the cause of alarm is Endometriosis,
which, occurs when fragments of the endometrium (the
tissue that lines the uterus) grows outside the uterus
in places such as the lining of the pelvic cavity,
the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, the intestinal tract,
or, less commonly, in the vagina. This causes an irritation
of the lining of the cavity, which can be painful.
Another result of endometriosis is the formation of
scar tissue, which can distort the normal pelvic anatomy.
Endometriosis of the ovary can lead to the development
of endometriotic or "chocolate" cysts.
Treatment of endometriosis includes painkillers, hormonal
medications and/or surgery. Exercise also helps. Thus
if you think that you have dysmenorrhea, please see
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are for informational purposes only and are not intended
to be used for medical advice. You should consult
your physician or family doctor immediately with any
problem about which you are concerned.