Dutt was a revolutionary director who brought about many changes
in mainstream Hindi Cinema. Guru Dutt was the first director
to integrate the film song into the story and make the story
move forward even through the song. He had the remarkable ability
to make the story go smoothly through his songs and the songs
never appeared out of place. His characters emoted the whole
story through the songs. Guru Dutt also used the effect of light
and shade to create a magical effect in romantic scenes.
Dutt also revolutionalized the close up shot and brought the
inner feelings of the character on the screen. He strongly felt
that 80% of acting was done in the eyes and 20% the rest of
the body. For the eyes are the most expressive part of the body.
He went beyond the standard 50mm lens used then, using lenses
with higher focal length to get tighter close ups.
Dutt Shiv Shankar Padukone born on 9 July 1925 in a Saraswat
family of Mangalore was educated in Calcutta in forties. The
traditional education did not satisfy him and he joined Uday
Shankar's dancing school in Almora for two years. Later he came
down to join the Prabhat studios in Pune, where he had the all
round training of the film making. It was here that he got a
break as a choreographer with the film Hum Ek Hain (1946), the
launching pad of friend and actor Dev Anand. For few years he
worked as an assistant director for directors like A. Banerjee,
Gyan Mukherjee and Amiya Chakrabarty.
in 1949, his close friend Dev Anand (now a star) had launched
his own banner, Navketan. Dev Anand invited Guru Dutt to direct
a film for him. Thus 1951 saw the release of Baazi, Guru Dutt's
directorial debut. The film starring Dev Anand, Geeta Bali and
Kalpana Kartik was a trendsetter regarded as the forerunner
of the spate of urban crime films that followed in Bollywood
in the 1950s. In fact, Guru Dutt and singer Geeta Roy met during
the song recording of Baazi and fell in love, marrying on the
26th of May,1953.
made his entry as a hero in the film Baaz, where he played the
role of a local ruler under Portuguese. But the film failed
in the box office. It was Aar Paar that made Guru Dutt both
an actor and the director. With Aar Paar, he started his own
production company and did films under his own banner like Mr.
and Mrs. 55, where he played the role of a cartoonist, Cid,
directed by Raj Khosla, which also introduced the new sensation
Waheeda Rehman to the filmdom. The film that took him to his
peak was Pyasaa (1957), which had both Waheeda Rehman and Mala
Sinha in it. Pyaasa was Guru Dutt's real masterpiece. It is
in Pyaasa where we really see Guru Dutt transcend way above
the ordinary and succeed in totality.The film that was almost
close to Devdas, a character that stirs up every Indian. This
film seemed to be the answer to all the people who criticized
his earlier films.
was when India was on the threshold of change and Guru Dutt
made his contribution by directing and acting in the films with
social consciousness like Kaagaz Ke Phool, Chaudvin Ka Chand,
Sahib, Bibi aur Ghulam. Sahib Bibi aur Ghulam (1962) won the
President's Silver Medal as well as the Film of the year award
from the Bengal Film Journalists Association besides going to
the Berlin Film Festival and being India's official entry for
Guru Dutt's personal life was a disaster. He had separated from
his wife allegedly due to his involvement with his discovery
and leading actress Waheeda Rehman and on Oct. 10, 1964 he took
an overdose of sleeping pills and committed suicide though doubts
still linger as to whether his death was accidental.