Beauty & Fashion >> Designing Basics >> Fundamentals of Designing

Before you start with learning designing first and foremost you ought to know the fundamentals of designing. What actually is designing and what are the other factors that are essential and will help you create the perfect outfit are some of the things you ought to know.


A line can be thought of as points so close together that they lose their individual identity and form a new entity. Lines act as border between ideas, concepts or steps in a sequence. Since lines can be straight, curved, or irregularly shaped, one can also think of a line as the track of a point in motion depicting various forms.

Vertical lines can stop eye movement implying mass and give volume to a structure. They also equate to power and strength. Horizontal lines symbolize rest and relaxation. Diagonal lines are dynamic and action-oriented, they portray dimensions and directions.


A shape is defined as an area that stands out from the space next to or around it due to a defined or implied boundary, or because of differences of value, colour, or texture. It is formed when a line encloses an area. These lined enclosures create an illusionary focus termed as shapes. Shapes can vary endlessly and can suggest physical form and direct eye movement based on the directional movement of lines. Shapes define figure, create ground relationships and relate forms and figures.


It is defined as the surface characteristics of a material that can be experienced through the sense of touch or the illusion of touch. In visual images, actual textures can be used, such as cloth, boxes, small objects, and natural items.


Value is the relative degree of lightness and darkness in a design element. Line, colour, texture, and shape all need value contrast in order to be seen. Value is used to describe objects, shapes, and space.


Colour is the most important part of designing. The primary colours are red, yellow and blue. They are called primary because they are not mixture of other colours. Mixing any two primary colours results in a secondary colour. The colour wheel is created when the primary and secondary colours are placed in a circle. Colours directly across from each other on the colour wheel are called complementary colours. Complementary colours used together provide extreme contrast.

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